political advisor

Question 1 -300 word count

You are an advisor to the President tasked with cutting at least $300 billion from the budget. The president wants your recommendations to cut lines, not large categories. Explain why you chose those cuts.

Note: These are not true US budget numbers.

DOMESTIC PROGRAMS AND FOREIGN AID

Cut some foreign aid to African countries

 $17 billion

Eliminate farm subsidies

 $14 billion

Cut pay of civilian federal workers by 5 percent

 $14 billion

Reduce the overall federal workforce by 10%

 $12 billion

Cut aid to states by 5%

 $29 billion

MILITARY

Cut the number of nuclear warheads, and end the “Star Wars” missile defense program

 $19 billion

Reduce military to pre-Iraq War size and further reduce troops in Asia and Europe

 $25 billion

Cancel or delay some weapons programs

 $19 billion

HEALTHCARE

Enact medical malpractice reform by reducing the chances of large malpractice verdicts

 $ 8 billion

Increase the Medicare eligibility age to 68

 $ 8 billion

Raise the Social Security retirement age to 68.

 $ 13 billion

EXISTING TAXES

Return the estate tax to Clinton-era levels, passing on an estate worth more than $1 million to their heirs would have portions of those estates taxed.

 $ 50 billion

End tax cuts for income above $250,000 a year

 $ 54 billion

End tax cuts for income below $250,000 a year

 $ 172 billion

Payroll tax increase for people making over $106,000 annually contributing more to Social Security and Medicare.

 $ 50 billion

NEW TAXES

Institute a Millionaire’s tax on income above $1 million

 $ 50 billion

Add a national 5% sales tax

 $ 41 billion

Add a tax on carbon emissions

 $ 40 billion

Tax banks based on their sizes and the amount of risk they take.

 $ 73 billion

Question 2-300 word count

Explain how a libertarian and conservative would approach developing the US budget. Use evidence (cite sources) to support your response from assigned readings or online lessons, and at least one outside scholarly source.

Magstadt, T. M. (2017). Understanding politics: Ideas, institutions, and issues. Australia: Cengage Learning.