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Describe and briefly discuss an example of a real-world post-disaster assessment and a post-disaster priority. Reference the literature citation, website or whatever else you used to substantiate your answer (i.e. the answer can not be theoretical or based on personal experience alone).
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Haiti is the third largest country in the Caribbean, but it is among the poorest and least developed nations in the Western Hemisphere. Moreover, it is vulnerable to natural disasters, which include floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, famine and landslides. For this reason, Haiti is ranked third among countries that face extreme weather conditions (Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, 2017). These weather conditions affect the State’s economy and lead to loss of lives. Accordingly, Haiti experienced the worst earthquake in 2010, which had a magnitude of 7.3 and claimed 200,000 lives, leaving thousands displaced and handicapped. Also, researchers indicate that, 96% of Haiti population lives under the risk of natural disaster. Sadly, 56% of Haiti GDP is exposed to regions that are likely to experience more than two disasters annually. However, Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery has come up with a Post-Disaster Assessment and Post-Disaster Priority for Haiti.
After the 2010 earthquake, research indicates that more than 230,000 people lost their lives, and left more than 300,000 people with severe injuries (Amadeo, 2018). Port-au-Prince, capital city of Haiti, was the most affected by the earthquake, and more than 600,000 people vacated the region. Sadly, 20% of the entire Haiti population were displaced, which has resulted in an increase in the number of those living in camp. More than 300,000 homes were partially damaged and more than 100,000 completely damaged. Moreover, the disaster resulted in damages amounting to 8.5 billion dollars and reduced the GDP by 5.1%. Besides, operations from the main airport were disrupted, paved roads became impassable, which hindered the evacuation efforts (Amadeo, 2018). Also, the affected Haitians did not receive relief aid, which worsened the situation of the injured, and increased the number of deaths. Additionally, 25% of the civil servants were killed and 60% of the government premises destroyed. For this reason, the government’s efforts to restore the situation was hindered, further deteriorating the situation. Currently, Haiti needs humanitarian aid that is estimated to be $270 million.
After Haiti was hit, the post-disaster priority strategies included refining the hazard and risk management structures as well as firming up the hydrometeorological facilities. The hydrometeorological department created an enabling environment for Disaster Recovery Management (DRM) . As a result, the government tried to ensure that it provided suitable official governance and legal frameworks to the affected citizens (Mattew, 2006). Disaster Recovery Management Systems developed strategies to deal with poverty, with an aim of facilitating development among the survivors. The strategies encompassed building resilient communities and improving infrastructure to pave way for relief aid (Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, 2017). DRM ensured that relief aid was supplied to both primary and secondary cities. Also, supply of relief aid included counselling forums, which sought to enlighten the survivors on how to cope with such disasters, Moreover, the counselling group aimed at cultivating an understanding of the current disaster and how to cope with loss. Disaster Recovery Management also prioritized integration of land-use planning and Venture into risk examination and management. Additionally, recovery efforts and improvement on disaster preparedness was emphasized, to minimize the negative outcomes of such disasters.
Amadeo, K. (2018). Haiti earthquake facts, its damage and effects on the economy. https://www.thebalance.com/haiti-earthquake-facts-damage-effects-on-economy-3305660
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. (2017). Haiti context : Natural hazard risk. Retrieved from https://www.gfdrr.org/haiti
Mattew, S. D, E. Madsen. B & Alejadro, B. A. (2006). Unstable ethical plateaus a disaster triage