Explain the importance, if any, for
health psychologists to consider gender when they engage in activities such as
research, health promotion, prevention or treatment of illness, promotion of
public health policies, and improvements in the health care system.
When expectant parents are asked
whether they want a boy or a girl, they might respond, “We really don’t
care about the gender as long as the baby is healthy.” If you were to
research the origin of the word “health,” you would find that it
originally meant the absence of a debilitating battlefield injury. Do you think
there is more to good health than simply being free of disease or injury?
The Greek philosopher Hippocrates
(460–377 BCE) proposed the humoral theory to explain why people get sick. Over
the next several centuries, Hippocrates’s theory was replaced by more modern
medical theories. Describe Hippocrates’s theory and explain possible
contemporary psychological concepts or theories based on Hippocrates’s original
biopsychosocial perspective suggests that a person’s health is influenced by
biological, psychological, and social factors and that these dimensions both
affect and are affected by each other. Explain how you would apply the biopsychosocial
perspective to a person with a drug addiction. Describe examples from each of
the three dimensions that might contribute toward the addiction.