Discussion questions. Answer 2 discussion questions and reply 2 peers for each discussion.

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1) Answer to this discussion. (250words)

Do you agree with the claim that there is an overarching intelligence that influences multiple domains of skill, or do you agree with the claim that there are multiple intelligences? Explain. After watching the video Healthy Learning: Multiple Intelligences in this week’s presentations, discuss how an understanding of learning preferences could help psychologists and therapists communicate and work with his or her patients.

1.1) 1 comment to this (like I am agree with you…..or not)

I agree with the claim that there are multiple intelligences. Chapter nine elaborates that early psychologists considered intelligence to come from one single source in which they referred to as the g-factor (S. Feinstein). However, more profound studies along with the help of standardized intelligence testing techniques, have popularized the idea that intelligence can be divided into different categories; verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, and existential intelligence (S. Feinstein). All of these different intelligence components are then generated through either fluid or crystallized intelligence for problem-solving (Feldman, pg 268). To generalize and make an assumption that intelligence comes from only one source, or part of the brain would be misleading. As discussed in the book, an individual can show greater strength in one particular intelligence than the other and still constitute as an intelligent person. Personal experiences can also constitute in acquiring specific strengths over the other intelligences (Feldman, pg. 267). Ultimately, intelligence can be measured in many different forms because it is a very broad topic, thus far. Until further research can prove that a specific test can test intelligence with reliability, standardized IQ testing will remain the intelligence testing standard.

Reference

Feldman, R. S. (2019). Understanding psychology (13th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

1.2) 1 comment for this

Multiple intelligence theory was proposed by Howard Gardner and it says that there eight distinct domains of intelligence: musical, body, kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, intrapersonal, and naturalist. (Feldman, pg. 268). I do strongly agree that there are multiple intelligence and this intelligence makes us unique as an individual. I believe one person cannot be good at everything, that means each person have his/her own area of weakness and what they are best at doing. According to Sheryl Feinstein, every individual possesses multiple intelligence, and have capabilities in each one. A person may be good at learning languages, poems, reading and writing, and another person may have the intelligence of being able to understand things in the real world. I believe intelligence is all about how good you are at something and a person’s ability to apply cognitive function into reality. Understanding of learning of preference could help psychologist communicate and work with his/her patient better because once the patient has taken the IQ test, then the therapist know how to deal with the patient, know what to expect from the patient , and how to help the patient get out of the situation. With the use of standardize IQ test which remains the most reliable test, will help provide important learning and knowledge in several modes or styles.

References

Feldman, R. S. (2019). Understanding psychology(13th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-educationalpsychology/chapter/multiple-intelligences/

2) Answer to this discussion

Explain which theory of emotion described in your text you most subscribe to and why. If researchers learned how to control emotional responses so that targeted emotions could be caused or prevented, what ethical concerns might arise? Under what circumstances, if any, should such techniques be used?

2.1) 1 comment for this

The theory of emotion that I agree with the most would be the Cannon-Bard Theory of Physiological Reactions as the Result of Emotions. This theory seemed the most acceptable because if we examine the way we react to certain situations and external stimulus, emotion is experienced first before the physical reaction is. One example would be when we first experience love; the love infatuation is felt instantly , as many would call it “love at first sight”. The physical reaction to that emotion is then followed with the sensation of butterflies in the stomach, sweaty palms, word stuttering, nervousness, and even as far as experiencing sexual hormonal chemical reaction. Thus, making this theory the most respectable out of all three (Feldman, pg. 318). Feldman also explains why all three theories can be considered accurate to some extend only, furthering the reason why further research and experimentation is needed to find one concrete explanation for emotional roots (Feldman, pg. 320).

Ethical concerns involved in the regulation and the tampering with emotion from researchers would be protection from harm and the right of withdrawal. Protection from harm would be seen where the participant could potentially have emotional trauma following the experiment. Right of withdrawal could possibly be hard to conduct from the participant’s perspective if the experiment involves tampering with the participant’s emotions to the point that they become vegetable-like or emotionless. In this case, how would that allow the participant to present emotion of doubt, fear and/or concern to withdraw from the experiment if no emotion is being felt at all?

Emotional manipulation and control should only be used with participants who experience great emotional trauma from repressed memories and/or traumatic life events. Of course, it should be the participants decision whether or not to opt for such procedure/experiment, or the right to consent.

Reference

Feldman, R. S. (2019). Understanding psychology (13th ed.). Dubuque: McGraw-Hill Education.

2.2) 1 comment for this

The theory of emotion I most subscribe to is the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion. I believe we first feel an emotion and according to that emotion is how we react. There have been many times where I’m driving and suddenly someone swerves in my line or stops Infront of me, immediately my eyes open and I feel a drop in my stomach, and a fear of hitting someone else. After that feeling, my hands begin to shake and I try to relax again. If researchers learned how to control emotions one of the biggest ethical concerns would be how were these scientists are able to control emotion when there are many different types of emotions connected to different parts of our brain. For example, happiness is linked with a decrease of activity in the cerebral cortex, but sadness shows increased activity in the cortex (Feldman 319). Another ethical concern is controlling emotion would be bad because emotion affects our behavior and allows us to evolve as a person (Week 5 Lecture slide).

https://learn.westcoastuniversity.edu/webapps/blackboard/content/listContent.jsp?course_id=_47500_1&content_id=_3972658_1

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