The items are:

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The items are:

  1. In uncertain times, I usually expect the best
  2. It’s easy for me to relax
  3. I’m always optimistic about my future
  4. I enjoy my friends a lot
  5. My life doesn’t suck too much
  6. I don’t get upset too easily
  7. Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad

The participants rated each question on a -3 (definitely not) to a +3 (definitely) scale. The researcher believes that their “optimism program” helps people become more optimistic. The null hypothesis is thus that no difference exists between the treatment and control groups.

For this assignment I want you to answer the following questions:

  1. Are any of the seven optimism-scale questions “bad”? Tell me which one, and tell me how you know it’s bad. (Hint: there is 1 bad question).

    4 points
  2. Run a split-half correlation on the remaining 6 items. What is the correlation? Does this indicate that the scale is acceptable?

    4 points
  3. Run a t-test to see if there is a difference between the control group and the treatment group. What is the t-value, and should you “reject the null hypothesis”?

    2 points

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