***This paper is based off the previous paper.. check attachments.***
Relying on at least two (2) outside references, write a three page report that answers the following:
1. Describe the behavioral goal you set for Rad in Assignment #1.
2.Choose Bruner’s Theory of cognitive development, and explain the fundamental tenets of the chosen theory.
3.Describe the key ways that the approach to the desired goal would change with the chosen theory. Explain the assumptions to the chosen theory and the manner in which they may impact Rad or you as the Instructor.
***This paper is based off the previous paper.. check attachments.***
***This paper is based off the previous paper.. check attachments.*** Relying on at least two (2) outside references, write a three page report that answers the following: 1. Describe the behavioral
RADICAL BEHAVIORAL CHANGE 6 Introduction Behaviorism is amongst the psychological concepts that are used by different psychologists to under the change in character amongst humans and animals. Based on this concept, both human and animal behaviors are a result of individual reflexes that either result from their response towards a specific environmental stimuli or the consequence of their personal history that could include punishment and their contemporary controlling stimuli (Huy, Corley, & Kraatz, 2014). Most students experience radical behavioral changes as they go on with their daily operations. Due to the radical behavioral changes that students and other individuals go through; the radical behaviorist approach was developed. As such, the purpose of this paper is to set behaviorist goals for Rad, determine the common reinforcers, state the procedures for changing the character behavior, and the best approaches that could be used to implement and record the results of the implementation process. The last section of the paper will discuss the key methods that are adopted to perfectly evaluate the effectiveness of the desired behavioral changes in Rad while at the same time determining the key revisions that may be made to improve the program in the future. Behavioral Change Goals One of the best steps that any individual could take for purposes of attaining a specific behavioral change goal in their lives is setting the right behavioral changes. Like any other person, Rad is expected to change from his current behaviors that have been affecting their health and social life in a significant way (Huy, Corley, & Kraatz, 2014). Rad has been involved in serious drug use, something that has not only affected his health, but also how he or she interacts with those close to him. Due to the poor relationship with his family and close friends, Rad has decided to live a solitude life. Engaging in drugs has also made him not to attend to classes as required, leading to a decline in his college performance. The drugs have also made it impossible for him to eat well and this has affected his health in a very significant way. Judging from his looks and appearances, he has been starving himself because he uses all his money to purchase drugs instead of buying food. His sporadic behavioral change has made almost all his friends to leave him by himself. The result of his friends withdrawing from his life has been a decline in his trust levels as he feels that he was driven into drugs by his close friends who then withdrew after noting that he has completely messed his life and cannot get back to normalcy. As a result of what Rad has been going through, his desired behavior change goals would be to: Stop using drugs Regain his trust on family and friends Get out of his solitude ways and embrace socialistic living ways The main focus will be to help Rad get out of the drug addiction problem because it is the main source of all the problems that he has been going through over time. Getting into drugs is considered as the main pre-cursor to all the emotional and physical traumas that Rad has been going through. His behaviors are a reaction to the effects brought about by drug. Appropriate Reinforcers Animals and humans learn about their behavioral consequences that act significantly towards making them modify their behaviors for purposes of avoiding all the negative consequences while at the same time gaining all the positive rewards (Huy, Corley, & Kraatz, 2014). Reinforcers are categorized into either negative or positive reinforcers. Positive reinforcers usually work towards rewarding individuals for demonstrating their required behavior while negative reinforcers are made up of unpleasant things that are eliminated from an individual when he or she demonstrates the right behavior. In the case of Rad, some of the positive reinforcers that could be adopted to help him achieve his objectives include praising them when he attends classes and rewarding him for each day that he goes without engaging in drugs (Eggers, & Kaul, 2018). Rad will also be encouraged to join social clubs in the school for purposes of improving his interaction levels both in school and out of school. The most appropriate negative reinforcer that will work perfectly for Rad’s case is that of making him to report to the head of department anytime he fails to attend a class. The adoption of these reinforcers will act significantly towards helping Rad achieve the desired behaviors (Huy, Corley, & Kraatz, 2014). The effectiveness of these reinforcers to help Rad change his behaviors while at the same time moving towards improving his social interactions. The reinforcers will therefore help Rad regain and revert back to normalcy. The reinforcers will also work well for me because I will be in a position to monitor his progress over time. Procedure for changing behavior Different steps need to be followed to help Rad achieve the required behavior. The steps to be adopted in this case include pre-contemplating, contemplating, preparing, acting, maintenance, and relapse (Zettle, & Hayes, 2015). In the first stage, I will help Rad overcome his issues by encouraging the person in question to rethink his behavior, encourage him to engage in self-analysis and get to explain all the risks involved in their current behavior. In the second step, I will help Rad assess both the pros and cons of changing their behavior, confirming his readiness to change and identify any barriers towards their behavioral change. During preparation, I will help Rad write down his goals, develop an action plan, and develop a list of all the statements that could motivate him attain his change behavior goals. After preparation, the action stage will follow and will entail having the best rewards system for Rad, seeking all the relevant support, and making all the relevant motivating statements that will help him get the best out of his current behavior (Huy, Corley, & Kraatz, 2014). About maintenance, we will develop the best coping strategies for Rad to deal with any temptations that could make him revert to the old ways. Lastly, we will jointly identify all the triggers that could lead to relapse, identify the barriers, and reaffirm if our objectives and goals have been met. Implementation procedures and record results To implement the steps listed above, I will organize for one-on-one sessions with Rad. There will be six sessions for each of the indicated steps. Embracing the one-on-one sessions will also work significantly in tracking Rad’s progress. The results of the sixth meeting should be as follows: Objective Results Stop using drugs Positive Regain his trust on family and friends Fair Get out of his solitude ways and embrace socialistic living ways Positive Evaluate and Revise To find out if the methods adopted are impacting Rad, the use of Key Performance Indicators will be adopted. After every step, an evaluation to determine the impact of the strategies on Rad’s life, with some of the important performance indicators being his class performance, social engagements measured by the number of social groups attained, and the number of beers taken within a certain period (Chapman, & Compton, 2003). Based on the results of each performance indicator, appropriate revisions will be adopted. References Chapman, A. L., & Compton, J. S. (2003). From traditional behavioral couple therapy to integrative behavioral couple therapy: New research directions. The behavior analyst today, 4(1), 17. Eggers, J. P., & Kaul, A. (2018). Motivation and ability? A behavioral perspective on the pursuit of radical invention in multi-technology incumbents. Academy of Management Journal, 61(1), 67-93. Huy, Q. N., Corley, K. G., & Kraatz, M. S. (2014). From support to mutiny: Shifting legitimacy judgments and emotional reactions impacting the implementation of radical change. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1650-1680. Zettle, R. D., & Hayes, S. C. (2015). Rule-governed behavior: A potential theoretical framework for cognitive-behavioral therapy. In The Act in Context (pp. 33-63). Routledge.